The Roman Latin Kingdom
The founding of the
Roman Latin kingdom marks the prophetic beginning of
the Roman power. It is also the first of the
heads of the
Roman beast as described
in Revelation 17:10. It is significant because
just as Rome
began as a small Latin Kingdom, so was
it to rise again beginning
as a small Latin kingdom
after the destruction of the western Roman Empire in
476 AD. As the angel explained, 'The beast
that thou sawest was, and is not, and shall ascend
out of the bottomless pit and go into perdition'.
Rev 17:8 Thus, what the
beast had been at its foundation, it would come to
Rome Becomes a Republic
The founding of the
Roman Republic marks the transition from Rome's
first form of government to its second . Rome
would continue as a republic through it's next four
forms of administration. Along with the Latin
kingdom mentioned above these five forms of
administration are marked in scripture:
'There are seven kings, five
are fallen....'. When John received the
revelation Rome was no longer a republic, and the
imperial form of government was then ruling.
ROMAN HEADS 2-5
Decree to Rebuild Jerusalem
This date is
specifically marked in scripture: 'From the
going forth of the decree to restore and rebuild
Jerusalem...' Dan 9:25. From this date there
would be 69 'sevens' or 483 years to the coming of
the messiah. 483 years from 457 BC brings us
to 27 AD, the opening of Jesus' earthly ministry.
BEGINNING OF SEVENTY
Alexander the Great Becomes King of Greece
The rise of
Alexander is clearly
described in scripture. In Daniel 8:7-8
he is the notable horn on the 'He-Goat'. His
reign is also mentioned in Daniel 11:3-4. His
reign is important because it marks the prophetic
transition between the second and third
of the four kingdoms of
Daniel's prophecies (1 Babylon -
2 Medo-Persia -
- 4 Rome).
The Battle of Granicus
The battle of
Granicus marked the beginning of the Grecian victory
over the Persians by Alexander the Great. This
conquest is described in Dan 8:5-7. It is the
opening vision of this long prophecy which Daniel
was told would last for '2300 Evenings and
Mornings'. The vision concerned the Jewish
people and the place of the sanctuary. 2300
years from 334 BC brings us to 1967 AD, the very
year that the Jewish people captured the temple
mount. This was the first time in almost 2500
years that the temple mount
returned to Jewish possession.
BEGINNING OF 2300 YEARS
The Divided Greek Empire
The division of the
Grecian empire is mentioned in Dan 8:8, 22 and
Daniel 11:4. Alexander the Great died and left
no heir to his kingdom. His kingdom was
divided to his four generals. This division is
important because it is in this form that the
transition to Daniel's fourth kingdom (Rome)
would take place. See below.
Rome Conquers Macedonia
The Roman conquest
of Macedonia in 168 BC marks the prophetic
transition from Daniel's third kingdom (Greece) to
the fourth (Rome). This transition is highly
misunderstood but critical to a proper understanding
of prophecy. This transition is marked in
Daniel 8:9-12, 23-25 and Daniel 11:31 (Arms shall
stand on his part...). This 'little horn' of
Daniel 8 would become world's mightiest power;
the one which
would cast down the sanctuary, stand up against the
'prince of princes' and 'destroy the mighty and the
|168 - 63
BC Rome Becomes Great Conquers Jerusalem
The expansion of
the Roman Empire is described
in Dan 8:9-12, 23, 25, Dan 11:31, etc. It was
the power which was to 'wax great toward the south,
toward the east, and toward the pleasant land
(Judea/Jerusalem)' which was conquered by the Roman
general Pompey in 63 BC.
The entire time of this last
kingdom's power is known is scripture as 'The Time
of the End'.
The Battle of Actium
This battle is
described in detail in Daniel 11:40-45. Daniel
11:40 ('And at the time of the end, etc...') marks a
transition in the text and begins a retrogression.
Daniel 11:31-39 traces the history of the Roman
power through its final form (the papal).
Beginning in verse 40 the prophecy begins to
describe this battle which would mark the time in
which 'Michael the Great Prince' (a reference to
Christ) would stand up, and the Jewish 'Great Time
of Trouble' was to begin. The victory of
Octavian (the 'King of the North') over Marc Anthony
and Cleopatra of Egypt (the 'King of the South')
left Rome as the world's sole great power, and
Octavian (later Augustus) as its sole ruler.
This also marks the transition of Rome from it's
fifth ruling head to its sixth.
Thus this battle in history sets the stage for the
coming of the Messiah and the destruction of the
Rome Becomes an Empire
transition of Rome from its fifth form of
administration to its sixth (the imperial). As
was told to John when he received the Revelation: '
There are seven kings, five are fallen,
one IS (the imperial).
It is under this form of Roman government that Jesus
would be born, the apostles persecuted, and the
early Christians martyred as the new faith struggled
to exist under Roman Imperial pagan rule.
BEGINNING OF ROMAN HEAD
Birth of Jesus
Jesus our Savior is
born. Matthew 1:18, Luke 1:27
Baptism and Ministry of Jesus
The baptism and
opening of Jesus' ministry marks the beginning of
Daniel's seventieth week. ('And he shall confirm the
covenant with many for one week' Dan 9:27).
Jesus came to confirm the promises made to the
fathers. Romans 15:8.
BEGINNING OF 70TH WEEK
Jesus is Crucified
Jesus was crucified
and died for the sins of mankind in the middle of
Daniel's seventieth week: 'And after threescore and
two weeks shall messiah be cut off but not for
himself' (Dan 9:26). 'In the midst of the week he
shall cause sacrifice and oblation to cease' (Dan
MIDDLE OF 70TH WEEK
Stoning of Stephen
The stoning of
Stephen, the first Christian martyr marks the end of
Daniel's seventieth week. After the
crucifixion of Jesus the gospel of the new covenant
continued to be preached almost exclusively to the
Jewish nation. At the end of three and one
half years (the last half of
Daniel's 70th week) the Gospel began to be
preached to the gentile nations.
END OF 70TH WEEK
Romans Destroy Jerusalem
The destruction of
Jerusalem in 70 AD is a pivotal event
in prophecy and marks the end of the Jewish
dispensation. This event was mentioned by
Moses (Deut 28), Daniel (Dan 8, 9, 11, 12), Jesus
(Matt 23, 24, Mark 13, Luke 21, etc) and Paul (1
Thess 2), and nearly all other
Old Testament prophets. The Roman
destruction of Jerusalem begins the time when the
'Abomination of Desolation' would be set up (Matt
24:15, Dan 11:31, 12:11, etc.),
and the holy people (the Jews) scattered.
BEGINNING OF ABOMINATION
OF DESOLATION SET UP
BEGINNING OF GREAT
End of Roman Golden Age
From 70 AD to 180
AD marks the era of Rome's 'golden age' and
coincides with the First Horse Rider of the book of
Revelation. The rider on the white horse goes
forth conquering and to conquer, and as such, Rome
was prosperous and victorious in this period.
END OF FIRST SEAL PERIOD
Emperor Diocletian Changes Roman Administration
In 284 Diocletian
significantly changed the form of Roman
administration and assumed for himself the Asiatic
Diadem as a symbol of imperial power. This
change of power marks the transition from Rome's
sixth head to it's seventh. This would be the
last form of administration under Rome as a pagan
nation and according to Revelation 17:10 it would
continue only a 'short space'. Little over 40 years
later the empire found itself in a struggle for
control between paganism and Christianity.
This period between 180 and 284 AD marks the period
of Revelation's Red Horse. This horse which
has power to take peace from the earth marks a time
of unprecedented bloodshed and civil war within the
BEGINNIG OF ROMAN HEAD 7
END OF SECOND SEAL PERIOD
Emperor Constantine Converts to Christianity
The 'conversion' of
Constantine, while a seeming victory for the
Christian religion, also quickly led to the
infiltration of the Christian religion by scores of
unconverted pagans. This influence severely
corrupted the pure faith as pagan doctrines and
practices were adopted into the Christian religion.
WAR IN HEAVEN
Council of Nicea
By 325 AD
and metaphysical quarrelling about the nature of the
relationship between Jesus and the Father became so
intense that the feud threatened to tear apart the
Roman Empire. The council
of Nicea was called by Constantine in 325 for the
express purpose of unifying Christianity within the
empire. The Christian bishops emerged from the
council with a formal creed couched in unscriptural
language stating that Jesus was 'of the same
substance as the father.' This became the
'orthodox' view and dissenters to it would become
Theodosius Becomes Emperor - Paganism Outlawed
In 'The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire' Edward
ruin of Paganism, in the age of Theodosius, is
perhaps the only example of the total extirpation of
any ancient and popular superstition; and may
therefore deserve to be considered as a singular
event in the history of the human mind.' The
conversion of the Roman Empire to 'Christianity' as
a state religion is described in Revelation 12 under
the figure of a great dragon cast out of heaven to
the earth. Rev 12:9. The reign of
Theodosius also ends the era of the 'Black Horse'
rider of Revelation - a period of excessive taxation
and fiscal oppression within the empire.
DRAGON CAST TO THE EARTH
Barbarian Invasions Begin Under Alaric
In 395 AD the Roman Empire began to be invaded by
'barbarian' Germanic tribes along their borders.
The strength of the empire had kept these invasions
at bay for centuries. But now, the empire
weakened by civil war, strife, and taxation could no
longer defend itself. The Barbarian invasions
under Alaric (King of the Visigoths) are represented
by the first trumpet blast of Revelation Rev 8:7.
This era also marks the opening of the fourth seal.
The first four trumpet blasts fall under the fourth
seal, and these collective judgments bring about the
collapse of the Western Roman Empire.
Barbarian Invasions Under Genseric
The barbarian invasions under Genseric (King of the
Vandals) are represented in Rev 8:8 under the figure
of the second trumpet - a great mountain (a kingdom)
burning with fire thrown into the sea. This is
a fitting symbol as Genseric was known as the
'tyrant of the sea' and most of his victories were
Barbarian Invasions Under Attila
The barbarian invasions under Attila (King of the
Huns) are represented in Rev 8:10-11 under the
figure of the third trumpet - a star which fell from heaven turning the waters to wormwood.
Attila was nicknamed by his enemies 'The Scourge of
Fall of the Western Roman Empire
The fall of the Western Roman Empire was
accomplished in 476 AD with the extinction of the
Imperial title and the departure of the last western
emperor (Romulus Augustulus) from Rome. The
extinction of the sun, moon and stars under this
symbol represents the darkening of these ruling
bodies. This period also brings to a close the
era of the fourth seal.
OF FOURTH SEAL PERIOD
Code of Justinian
In 529 AD Justinian codified Roman law outlawing anything not in submission to the Roman
state church. The capital of the empire had
earlier been moved to Constantinople under
Constantine. After the collapse of the empire
in the west, a power vacuum developed into
which the Roman bishops became increasingly more
powerful The Justinian code gave the Roman
Bishops almost excusive power in the west, and
marked the final and complete overthrow of the pagan
religion in Rome. In this the hindering power
of the emperor in the west was 'taken out of the
way' (2 Thess 2:7) and 'the dragon gave him (the
beast) his power, seat and great authority. (Rev
13:2). This date is of immense importance in
Bible prophecy because it marks both the fall of
Paganism (the binding of the dragon - Rev 20:1), and
the start of the reign of the 'Man of San'.
This reign was to last 1260 years. Rev 13:5, Dan
7:25, Dan 12:7
BEGINNING OF 1260 YEARS
The founder of the Islamic religion was born in 570
AD. While this date itself is not clearly defined in
scripture, his birth is important because the
Islamic scourge is represented by both the fifth and
sixth trumpet judgments - invasions of the eastern
Roman Empire by Muslim armies.
Saracen Invasions Began
The Saracen invasions of the Eastern Roman Empire
which began in 612 AD are symbolized in scripture
under the fifth trumpet blast. Rev 9:1-11.
The torment inflicted by these invasions was to last
for '5 months' or 150 years.
BEGINNING OF 5TH TRUMPET
Romans Lose Control of Jerusalem to Persian Invaders
In 70 AD the Jewish people revolted against Roman Rule. The Roman
General Titus sacked the city, razed it to the ground and burned the
temple thus fulfilling the words of Jesus - 'there shall not be left one
stone upon another which shall not be thrown down' Matt 24:2.
Approximately 1,000,000 Jews perished in the revolt. In 132 AD
remaining Jews in Jerusalem once again rose up in revolt against Rome -
600,000 Jews perished in the revolt. A Temple to the god Jupiter
was built in Jerusalem and Jews were banished from the city on pain of
death. Judea was renamed 'Palestina' after the Philistines, the
ancient enemy of Israel. After Rome became a 'Christian' Empire
numerous churches and shrines were built in the city. These Roman
abominations remained in Jerusalem until Rome lost the city to Persian
invaders in 614 AD. This marks the end of the
period in which the Abomination of Desolation would
be set up. The time periods of 1290 and 1335
days (Dan 12) begin with this date.
END OF ABOMINATION OF
DESOLATION 'SET UP'
BEGINNING OF 1290 AND 1335 YEARS
Saracen Invasions End
invasions under the fifth trumpet began in 612 AD
and were to last a prophetic '5 months' - or 150
years (Rev 9:5). The end of the Saracen
invasions in 763 AD marks the end of this time
END OF 5TH TRUMPET
Turks Conquer Baghdad
of Baghdad by the Turks marks the beginning of the
sixth trumpet judgment (Rev 9:13-21). The time
period in which these invasions was to last is
described as 'an hour a day a month and a year'.
These time periods - aggregated in prophetic time -
bring us to the fall of Constantinople. (See Below)
BEGINNING OF 6TH TRUMPET
Waldensians Identify the Papacy as
The remnant of
Christ's true church is described in prophecy under
the figure of two witnesses who prophecy in sack
cloth during the reign of the Papal apostasy (Rev
11). In 1170 this remnant effectively
'finished (or rather 'perfected') their testimony
when they began to identify the Papacy as the
predicted 'man of sin' or 'beast' of prophecy.
From this point the Catholic church would wage an
all-out war on the true witnesses, and would seek to
stamp out their testimony. (Rev 11:7)
TWO WITNESSES COMPLETE
Third Lateran Council
Lateran council marks the beginning of the war
against the Two Witnesses (Rev 11:7). This
council forbid the harboring of 'heretics' and
denied them proper burial.
WAR AGAINST TWO WITNESSES
Fall of Constantinople
The fall of
Constantinople to Turkish armies marks the end of
the sixth trumpet judgment. From the beginning
of the Turkish invasions to the fall of
Constantinople is 396 years and 106 days. See
Elliot - Horae Apocalypticae.
END OF 'AN HOUR A DAY A
MONTH AND A YEAR'
1512 - 1514 AD
Fifth Lateran Council
In 1179 the
Catholic Church began an all-out war to stamp out
'heresy' - the testimony of Christ's true witnesses.
At the Fifth Lateran Council in 1514 they declared
that heresy had been completely expunged and that
all of Europe was subject to the Catholic Church.
This proclamation of the Fifth Lateran Council marks
the slaying of the Two Witnesses. Rev 11:7
TWO WITNESSES KILLED
Ninety -Five Theses
and one half years to the day after the Roman
Catholic Church had declared an and to all 'heresy'
Martin Luther nailed his ninety-five Theses on the
door of Wittenberg Castle thus beginning the
protestant reformation. The event represents
the raising of the Two Witnesses. Rev 11:11
TWO WITNESSES RAISED
England Breaks with the Catholic Church
resurrection of the two witnesses, Revelation 11:13
records that 'The same hour there was a great
earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell'.
This symbolically represents the fall of one of the
ten nations which had been loyal to the Papacy.
This was fulfilled when England broke away from
papal dominion shortly after the start of the
END OF 6TH TRUMPET
End of the 1260 Years
1789 marks the
end of the Papal reign of 1260 years at which point
judgment would immediately begin to be poured out.
As Jesus stated 'Immediately after the tribulation
of those days - the powers of the heavens shall be
shaken.' Matt 24:29
END OF 1260 YEARS
French Revolution Begins
Revolution is described in scripture under the
figure of the first bowl judgment - a noisesome and
grievous sore which appeared on the worshippers of
the beast (Rev 16:2) In 1789 a plague of
atheism and moral collapse spread over France and
resulted in the bloodiest revolution the world had
ever seen. This atheist and humanistic spirit
has spread throughout western civilization ever
since. The eras of the sixth seal and seventh
trumpet commence from this period.
BEGINNING OF SIXTH SEAL
BEGINNING OF SEVENTH
Pope Pius VI
and imprisonment of Pope Pius VI by Napoleon in 1798
marks a turning point in the history of Europe.
From this time the Papacy would lose the temporal
power over Europe that it had held for centuries and
the entire fabric of government would be changed.
These changes in the ruling authority (the heavens
departing as a scroll, etc) were symbolically
described by Jesus (Matt 24:29-30, and in the book
of Revelation under the symbolism of the Sixth Seal.
1793 - 1804 AD
European Naval Wars
The naval wars which ravaged
Europe between 1793 and 1804 are described
symbolically in the book of Revelation under the
images of the second bowl judgment in which the sea
would turn to blood. Rev 16:3
Revolutions of 1848
revolutions which swept over Europe in 1848 are
described symbolically in the book of Revelation
under the images of the third bowl judgment in which
the rivers and fountains of waters were turned to
blood. Rev 16:4-7
Second Aliyah - Jewish People
Return to Israel
1904 marked the beginning of
the 'Second Aliyah' or 'ascent' - an event in which
approximately 40,000 Jewish people returned to
Israel and revived the use of the Hebrew language.
For the first time in nearly 2000 years Jewish hopes
of having an independent nation were revived.
The returning Jews who waited until 1949 would see
these hopes realized.
World War I
World War which broke out in 1914 marked the end of
the remaining ruling monarchies in Europe and is
described in the Book of Revelation under the image
of the fourth bowl judgment which was poured out
upon the sun. Rev 16:8-9
World War II
The Second World War which
broke out in 1939 was caused by the rise of Fascism
which spread from Italy and into Germany. This
war is fittingly described in the Book of Revelation
under the symbolism of the fifth bowl judgment - a
judgment upon the seat of the beast (Italy) which
filled its kingdom with darkness.
Israel Wins War of Independence
The day after
Israel declared its independence in 1948 the new
tiny nation was attacked by six Arab nations.
Against all odds Israel was victorious and won this
war of independence in 1949. This event is
described in Daniel chapter 12 - 'Blessed is he who
waits and comes to the 1335 days'. Dan 12:12
END OF 1335 YEARS
1949 - ? AD
Independence of Mid - East Nations
After World War 1 and the
collapse of the the Ottoman Empire, western Europe
had colonized almost all of the entire middle east.
After World War 2 this colonization was rapidly
reversed as western influence withdrew from the
region. This withdraw of the west from the
middle east is symbolized by the sixth bowl judgment
which was poured out on the great river Euphrates
(Rev 16:12). The western 'waters' (peoples) in
those regions have dried up so that 'the way of the
kings of the east may be prepared' - hence, these
nations are now ruled by eastern peoples.
Six - Day War
Israel Re-Captures the Temple Mount
victory in the Six Day War in which Israel obtained
possession of the temple mount for the first time in
well over 2000 years marks the end of the long
period of 2300 years as noted in Daniel 8:14.
The fact that this prophecy concerning the sanctuary
- the last known prophetic time period given - has
finally found its fulfillment in our time, and that
God's attention has once again turned to the Jewish
people should cause all of God's children to look
up. Surely the time of our Lord's coming is
near - even at the door.
END OF 2300 YEARS
The battle of Armageddon still
remains just over the prophetic horizon. We do
not yet know how this final battle of human history
will play out. We know however that all
nations are now being gathered together for the
destruction of this great day (Rev 16:13). May
we all be watching, and keeping our garments
unspotted from the world.
Day of Judgment
times of the restitution of all things (Acts 3:21).
'For he must reign, till he hath
put all enemies under his feet.
The last enemy that shall be
destroyed is death. For he
hath put all things under his feet. But when he
saith, all things are put under him, it is manifest
that he is excepted, which did put all things under
him. And when all things
shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also
himself be subject unto him that put all things
under him, that God may be all in all.' 1 Co